Lesson 11

Lesson 11
Do you head me?
What did he say
What will you do?
I’ll tell you, but first of all I’m going to take a shower.
I’m working. //recipe 12 – ando
Where are you living?
They are running away.
She’s giving me it.
Are you eating?
I’m working. //recipe 8 – present
Where are you living ?
They are running away.
She’s giving me it.
Are you eating?
Antonio was walking.
Antonio was walking yesterday
He would be walking / He probably was walking
She will be walking / She is probably walking
I would be arriving
We were entering at 3
I will be running
They were probably buying
Would you (familiar) be traveling
Are you (familiar) falling in love
Rita would be speaking with Rafael. / Rita was probably speaking with Rafael.
Rita will be speaking with Rafael. / Rita is probably speaking with Rafael.
Fernando is giving me it.
// post verb particle
Fernando is giving me it.
// pre verb particle
She will be waking up.
She will be waking up.
Why are you buying it?
Why are you buying it?
leer – endo
caer – endo
traer – endo
Oír – endo
They were offering us it.
They were offering us it.
Chapter 2Por vs Para
Por = duration and exchange.
Por = because of, for the sake of, in search of
por also can mean by and through .
para is goal oriented
para – in order, by for deadlines
We would like to stay for two weeks.
I’ll give you $10 for the green shirt.
He married her not for love, but for money.
They must do it for the kids.
What do you want this book FOR?
We went through the park.
These tickets are FOR you.
I wanted to go by plane.
Are you training FOR the tournament?
We went for Anita.
This present is FOR us.
What are you here for?
Voy a llamarte ______teléfono.
Le doy cinco dólares _______esta cosa.
Yo salgo ______Costa Rica la semana próxima.
Estaré en España _______ un mes.
Juego al tenís _______el ejercicio.
Se TIRÓ la pelota ______la ventana.
Please finish the job by 5:00.
I’m going to return by next week.
By/For tomorrow, study chapter five in the book.
Chapter 3recipe 13
haber . I have is Yo he , You (familiar) have is Tú has , He/she/it/you have is Él,ella,usted ha , We have is Nosotros hemos , They/you all have is Ellos, ellas, ustedes han .
Tener means ‘to have’ and expresses possessions, age, and obligations. Haber is ‘to be’ and expresses existence
I have worked here for five years.
i have five years experience
They have left.
have they been here before
Where have you gone?
where are you having the party?
She has already eaten today.
she has two tacos at home
We have trained for two months.
they will have to train for two months
Have you (familiar) spoken with Julio?
Have you (familiar) seen Juan today?
Has the mail arrived?
How long have you (formal) lived in Lima?
Has she awakened?
I think I have fallen in love.
I have already told him that.
I have gone./I had gone.
She has opened the door./She had opened the door.
They have trained./They had trained.
We have studied./We had studied.
My family and I had begun our business in Mexico when our daughter was about 12 years old.
Why have you (familiar) arrived late?
Jorge had left when she arrived.
You (familiar) haven’t won; I’ve won!
Have you done your homework?
We had saved a lot of money.
I would have learned it./I will have learned it.
She would have played./She will have played.
They would have helped us./They will have helped us.
Would you have gone?/Will you have gone?
We would have told them./We will have told them.
Have you (familiar) seen it?
Would you (familiar) have done it?
They would have told you?
Have they fixed it yet?
I would have stayed.
We would have given it to him.
I have already done it.
Chapter 4What’s the formal command for escribir ? It’s escriba .
Viva Las Vegas, Well, viva is the formal command of vivir
comer becomes coma , leer becomes lea , and so on.
ar verbs Por favor hable español , Limpie el piso , Ayúdeme
Please eat it.
Please believe me.
Open the door.
Learn it.
Hide it.
Enjoy yourself.
Ir // formal command
Please bring me a cup of coffee.
Please dont work here
Ya’ll don’t eat here
Don’t touch the things on the table.
Please don’t clean the floor today.
Don’t sit in this chair.
Don’t open it
Don’t touch me
Don’t give me it
Don’t jerk me around
Help us. = formal command, Recipe 14
Eat it. = formal command, Recipe 14
Don’t eat it. = formal command, Recipe 14
Tell me. = formal command, Recipe 14
Help us. = familiar command, Recipe 8
Eat it. = familiar command, Recipe 8
Don’t eat. = familiar negative command, Recipe 14
Don’t speak. = familiar negative command, Recipe 14
Please sing.
Please do it.
Put in on the table.
Please give me it.
María and Roberto, please work here today.
Don’t leave it here.
Speak with Panchito. – hablar
Don’t speak with Panchito. – hablar
Sit down. – sentarse
Don’t sit down. – sentarse
Call me. – llamar
Don’t call me. – llamar
Chapter 5cuyo ( whose ).
el que ( that, which, who, whom ).
Bossy Bridge #1: antes que/después que
BB #2: para que = in order that/so that
BB #3: tan pronto como = as soon as
BB #4: hasta que = until
BB #5: con tal que = provided
BB #6: a menos que = unless
BB #7: aunque = even if , cuando = when
¿Dónde está el hombre cuyo libro he encontrado?
La señora Reyes es la mujer cuyas flores están aquí.
Ella HABLÓ con Raúl, el que está estudiando inglés.
-Tomás has a daughter, who lives in Puerto Rico.
-In the house there are three bathrooms, which are upstairs.
La mujer que VI es inteligente.
-The city she was living in was large.
The young lady whose book I have is my niece.
There was a man who was helping the young boys.
I will order what she will order.
I know what I want.
Puedo terminar el trabajo antes que Rafael . . .
-She will pay the bill before I . . .
Es importante convertir el dinero después que María . . .
-I’m learning Spanish so that my sweetheart . . .
-I plan to go Thursday so that my three sons . . .
Han comprado el carro nuevo para que ellas . . .
Yo iré tan pronto como Sylvia . . .
-I’ll do everything I can do as soon as . . .
Ella me DIJO que va a llamarme tan pronto como . . .
-I’m going to be here until . . .
ESPERAMOS hasta que ellos . . .
No podemos ir hasta que . . .
Lo haré con tal que Ricardo . . .
-I prefer these shoes provided . . .
Te querré con tal que . . .
engo que irme ahora a menos que él . . .
-I’m calling her unless you . . .
No quiero quedarme en este hotel aunque . . .
-I’ll see you when . . .